The Hellenic Statistical Authority conducts a research about health population issues every five years since 2009. The research is attuned to the statistical surveys of the European Union members.
The 2019’s research on 8125 households, males and females over 15 years old gathers information concerning the use of health services, the maintenance of individual’s health and the factors involved such as nutrition, smoking, alcohol, fitness activity etc.
According to the 29th Informative Note of the GSDFPGE Observatory and based on the Hellenic Statistical Authority research, 44,8% women over 15 years old have had a mammography during the last couple of years (increase of 6,7% since 2014 :42%). 33,1% has never done mammography (decrease of 13,8% since 2014: 38,4%).
The results of health population for the following years 2014 and 2019 concerning the four main geographical regions are illustrated likewise:
In 2019, 77,1% of the female population claim that are in good health while in 2014 the percentage was 71%. Evidently there is an increase.
In 2019 the 81,9% of the male population claim that they are in good health. In 2014 the percentage was 78,9%.
This shows that the majority of female population realises the importance of prevention concerning female diseases, so programs in this direction will continue to be implemented.
ZRC SAZU presented awards for the past year’s scientific achievements on May 27, 2021. The highest award, the ZRC SAZU Member of Honour, was given to a woman, Marija Wakounig, the second year in a row was given to a woman (previously only men received this award for the past 16 years). The Member of Honour Award is given to top researchers who have made a significant contribution to the establishment of the ZRC SAZU at home and abroad. Women were in the majority among the recipients of the Awards(like last year). I would also like to highlight the winner of Blue Award (this is an award given to administrators not to scientists). This year it was awarded to the cleaner Amra Sabotić and we are very proud that a cleaner got the award. Amra’s work is one of those services that seem to be taken for granted and therefore overlooked.
The Greek General Secretariat for Demography and Family Policy and Gender Equality (GSDFPGE) are coordinating a two-year project entitled “SHARE – Promoting work-life balance in companies and a better sharing of care between men and women,” co-financed by the REC Program of the European Commission. The SHARE Project aims to contribute to tackling traditional gender family roles and promote reconciliation of work and private life. The project focuses on the role of the father in sharing care responsibilities and highlighting the benefits arising from family-friendly working conditions and work-life balance initiatives, both for employers and employees. In the context of the SHARE Project GSDFPGE prepared a TV commercial that will be broadcast in Greece by national and regional TV channels.
On 20 April 2021, the R&I Peers project hosted its Second Multisectoral Conference addressing “the impact of gender equality plans on internal and external stakeholders.” The purpose of this conference was to disseminate the results and contribution of the R&I Peers project to advancing gender equality in research and innovation in EU. The conference dove into questions about the real impact of gender equality plan (GEP) implementation, both internal and external to the GEP implementing organisation.
The following topics were discussed:
The impact of the GEP implementation on internal stakeholders
Gender Equality Plan in engaging external local, regional and national stakeholders
Most successful actions in the GEP implementation
Science and innovation leaders, decision makers, researchers and practitioners ready to collaborate, were invited to the conference to share and learn about gender equality in R&I.
The course Women’s History and Gender Studies,
promoted by the Department of Humanities, responds to UNISA’s GEP key area ‘Integrating gender perspective in
research and curricula’. In the academic year 2020-21, the course has registered
an increase in enrolled students, passing from 20 of the previous years to 56
of this year. Moreover, the organising committee received numerous requests
from people outside the academic world, who asked to take part as listeners.
They work in the most disparate sectors, from the engineering to social
sciences, others coming from anti-violence centres and some others working in
schools and enterprises. The increase in attendees is mostly due to a
dissemination campaign started a year and a half ago, that involved students’
associations, social pages (Facebook and Twitter) and flyers, both printed and
hosts several seminars and workshops with the aim to encourage a lively debate on
different issues, from history to linguistic, from sociology to politics, from
engineering to law. Exploring gender with the tools of different disciplines, Women’s History and Gender Studies
strives to help students to learn how to use gender as a category of analysis,
but also reflect on the manifestation of gender in their own lives, leading to
a range of personal and intellectual discoveries. The course thus affords
students the opportunity to study the history of women and of gender around the
world and add depth and perspective to the curricula of all graduate students,
regardless of their main fields of study.
students have been asked to respond to a questionnaire, completely anonymous, concerning
their perception of gender-related issues, what they know about and what they
would like to learn more about. At the end of the course, a second
questionnaire will be
distributed, and in this case, it will be shaped as a satisfaction survey. For
the next academic year, a new dissemination campaign is expected that will last
longer and will include, in addition to social media, a sort of “word of mouth”
Women’s History and Gender
Studies is a free choice
course for all university degree programs.
feminine identities are socio-cultural construction
and social inclusion
The body in the legal
Why then choose Women’s
History and Gender Studies?
Because it conveys
the ability to understand the issues of integration, equal opportunities and
social inclusion, as fundamental values for the future of society.
Because it makes
students aware that men and women’s identities are complex social, cultural and
political constructions and that such constructions vary according to
historical and geographical contexts.
Dr. Dorit Avni credits a gender equality plan implemented during the R&I Peers Project with her success at leading and winning a prestigious EU Horizon2020 project bid in the amount of EUR 7.5 million. Dr. Avni, whose project ALGEA4IBD will pursue ground-breaking research on inflammatory bowel disease, is group leader of the Bioactive Metabolites and Immune Modulation Laboratory at the MIGAL Galilee Research Institute (MIGAL), a regional mega-R&D centre supported by Israel’s Ministry of Science and Technology, and partner to the R&I Peers Project.
As part of an R&I Peers Gender Action Plan implementation at MIGAL, Dr. Avni and her colleagues participated in “Champions,” a course launched in 2019 aiming to promote advancement of women researchers and increase their participation in international and competitive research projects, in leading scientific journals, and in economic and research decision-making,
Following the course, which tackled empowering self-confidence, improving presentation capabilities, and developing the ability to write competitive research proposal, Dr. Avni initiated, led and coordinated a successful consortium bid for the ALGEA4IBD Project.
Of her achievement Shai-Lee Spigelman, Science and Technology Ministry Director-General says, “this award is an impressive achievement that few achieve, with international recognition confirming the importance of this innovative project aimed at transforming algae into sorely needed treatments for inflammatory related diseases.”
The past year has been special in many ways. The pandemic has exposed everything that was already weak and on shaky foundations, but which, in the heightened circumstances, has collapsed and crumbled: from health systems to democratic arrangements, which are under threat in many places… The pandemic, with its necessary reinforcements to contain its spread, such as quarantine and the shutdown of public life and the compulsion to work from home, has unfortunately dealt a particularly heavy blow to women. The burden of caring for the family, educating the children and carrying out daily household chores has fallen on them. This made the pursuit of research a major challenge. Here is a testimony form Slovenian female researchers.
Dr. Helena Seražin
Researcher at the France Stelet Institute of Art History, where she has been working for the last few years on the MoMoWo (Women’s Creativity since the Modern Movement) megaproject, which has included numerous exhibitions and events, and she was also co-editor of this year’s excellent monograph Into the Fore, which brings together 40 pioneering women in the field of architecture, design and construction in Slovenia.
“Although the virus closed us in between the four walls of our home in the spring, it did not stop me from carrying out my research and editorial work. Like most of my colleagues at the institute, I was not hindered by teaching or child protection at home and other related factors, but as a consequence, I shouldered some additional, unforeseen work in solidarity. It also took a great deal of the proverbially feminine ‘bravery’ to be able, with the help of my colleagues, to realise my commitments in these uncertain circumstances, particularly on one of the projects that ended this autumn; the most challenging of these was the organisation and execution of the international scientific conference at the end of August, which took place partly virtually and partly in situ in Nova Gorica. There was virtually no time for actual rest this summer, because in the break between the two quarantines, in addition to organising the aforementioned conference, I was in a hurry to gather material in archives and libraries for the possible autumn closure of institutions and homework, which did in fact happen. Of course, what we have collected will not be sufficient for writing scientific papers, so we have already established a kind of informal network with some of our colleagues, through which we exchange information or scans from books in our home libraries. I am now rushing off with my last commitments, including the preparation of a paper for an international zoom conference, which, at least in my experience so far, will not be able to replace the usual face-to-face meeting where scientists, especially in informal meetings, can exchange ideas very fruitfully and pave the way for further collaborations in the form of international projects.
Tanja Petrović, R&I PEERS team member representing partner ZRC SAZU, joined the 12-13 November 2020 international conference entitled “Gender equality in CEE countries: Policies and practices 2020; Institutional change through implementation of GEPs at RPOs and RFOs in CEE countries.” The aim of the event was to bring together promoters and implementers of Gender Equality Plans (GEPs) developed in the framework of Horizon 2020 projects, along with researchers who are exploring gender issues in science in Central and Eastern Europe (CEE). The conference was organized by the Lithuanian Social Research Centre (LSRC) and Vilnius University, and sponsored by the Research Council of Lithuania.
On the first day of the event, Petrović presented the R&I PEERS project and the process of GEP design and implementation at ZRC SAZU. On the second day, she participated in a panel on “Removing barriers to the recruitment, retention and career progression of women researchers,” and discussed the ways in which the GEP adopted at ZRC SAZU addresses female researchers’ careers, excellence and prospect for career advancement. In particular, Petrović emphasized mentoring, work-life balance, and construction of excellence as three important domains that shape female researchers’ careers and define their possibilities in academia. These domains are covered in a series of strategies and actions detailed in ZRC SAZU’s GEP. Petrovič also addressed the ways these strategies have been adjusted in the monitoring phase of GEP implementation in order to better respond to researchers’ actual needs.
These guides include practical tips and communication techniques to help women in the public sphere respond to, and even prevent, sexism and stereotype-driven behavior. The guides contain general information and statistics on the position of women in public discourse and their empowerment needs. They outline concepts, provide a conceptual framework within which sexism may operate, and provide case studies and examples that can be used by anyone interested in tackling stereotypes and sexist behavior in public debates.
Tips for Tackling Sexism in Media:
Journalists can constructively contribute to decreasing sexism and stereotyping behavior in media in the following ways:
When we cover a story as journalists, we make women ‘visible,’ even when they do not shout.
We change the narrative – Tip 1: The story that suggests women are weak and at the mercy of their emotions, and men are logical and strong, as well as women’s saviours, is a problematic narrative. We include in our reporting men who show sentiment and kindness, and women who need no saviour.
We change the narrative – Tip 2: As journalists, we do not abide by stereotypes that suggest that showing sentiment is the proof of weakness, nor that cold logic is always a show of strength, intellectual or otherwise. Remember there are fine lines, for example cruelty is not strength.
In harassment and femicide stories, we analyse what happened, offering a three-fold, deep analysis. We do not stigmatise the victim.
We find allies against sexism—colleagues, representatives of institutions, organizations—and we form a community with them.
We give a priority to anti-sexist education of children, eg. games and toys are not forbidden or required play for children of a specific gender.
We use inclusive language.
We look for women experts who can contribute to our reporting.
Tips for Tackling Sexism in Public Discourse:
A woman politician or candidate for public office, or any woman exposed to public discourse, may consider the following guidelines when they become the subject of sexist or stereotyping behavior:
Assess the situation calmly and practice a confrontational and dissuasive reaction.
Speak openly and state when you are being interrupted, including when someone “protects” you, thus implying that you are unable to manage the conversation yourself.
Use arguments when you are accused of using your feelings.
Correctly state your status when someone refers to you with a diminutive.
Immediately flag any comment made because of your gender.
If you receive a comment because of gender, disapprove of your interlocutor and ask for an explanation.
Be vocal if you feel that what you are saying is not heard.
Answer calmly if the comments are about your gender.
Be prepared and ready to react.
Speak through your own experiences.
Reverse stereotypes, and if possible, generalize.
Bring the issue of gender to the fore.
The guides were elaborated in the framework of the project “Capacity building for women candidates and media stakeholders in public debates in Greece” (“GENDER_PUBLIC DEBATE”) implemented by the Centre for European Constitutional Law (coordinator), in collaboration with the National and Kapodistrian University Athens Department of Communication & Media Studies, and the General Secretariat for Family Policy and Gender Equality, with co-funding from the “Rights, Equality and Citizenship” Program (REC) of the European Union, 2014-2020.
One of the target areas of the ZRC SAZU’s Gender Equality Plan (GEP) focuses on practices to promote of female researchers’ results and achievements. Analysis of existing promotion practices at ZRC SAZU conducted in the GEP preparatory phase revealed that senior male researchers’ results are promoted more frequently than those of female researchers.
The disparity is particularly visible when it comes to awards. The analysis of award honoring practices, focusing on the past twenty years, was based on the data on winners and nominees for ZRC SAZU awards: The ZRC SAZU Gold Award, the ZRC SAZU Silver Award, the ZRC SAZU Researcher of Merit, and the ZRC SAZU Member of Honour. Currently, more female researchers than male researchers are employed at ZRC SAZU, but the data show that the majority of awards was received by male researchers, who lead in all categories. Specifically, 18 men and 9 women received the Gold Award, and 10 men and 5 women received the Silver Award. In the investigated period, not a single woman became an ZRC SAZU Member of Honour. The Member of Honour award is given to top researchers who make an important contribution to the establishment of the ZRC SAZU at home and abroad.
This trend, however, was reversed in 2020, when the ZRC SAZU Member of Honour Award was bestowed upon Dr. Heidemarie Uhl, a senior researcher at the Institute of Culture Studies and Theater History at the Austrian Academy of Sciences, and lecturer at the universities of Vienna and Graz. In her research, Dr. Uhl focuses on constructions of identity in 19th and 20th Century Central Europe, on National Socialism and the Holocaust in Austria, and on selected episodes of 19th and 20th century European cultural history.